不理性的欲望

Translated title of the contribution: Irrational desires

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

直覺上,我們認爲不爲將來著想的行動是不是理性的,即是說,理性不容許我們爲了現在而犧牲將來,究竟這種直覺能否得到證立?另一方面,爲了將來而犧牲現在又是否必定合理?當未來的欲望與當下的欲望相衝突時,滿足哪一項欲望才是合乎理性呢?本文試圖藉著對欲望作出某種區分,以突顯出不同的欲望在性質上的差異,並且爲上述問題提出解答。

Intuitionally, we might agree that acting imprudently is irrational. That is to say, reason does not permit us to sacrifice the future for the sake of the present. Anyway, can this intuition be justified? On the other hand, is it always rational to sacrifice the present for the sake of the future? In case of conflict between the present and future desires, which one are we to fulfil, if we are rational? I an going to provide solutions for the above questions by distinguishing between various categories of desires and by illustrating their different characteristics.
Translated title of the contributionIrrational desires
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)103-120
Number of pages18
Journal鵝湖學誌 = Legein Semi-annual Journal
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1993

Keywords

  • 理性的
  • 不理性的
  • 欲望
  • rational
  • irrational
  • desire

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