Job Insecurity, Occupational Future Time Perspective, and Psychological Distress Among Casino Employees

Francis CHEUNG, Cindia LAM, Man Sze Anise WU

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)


The primary goal of this study was to examine job insecurity as a work stressor predicting psychological distress (i.e. depression, anxiety, and stress) among casino employees in Macao, China. The study was also the first one to test whether occupational future time perspective mediated the above relations. We recruited 1014 participants, who voluntarily took part in an anonymous survey in October 2016. Results suggested that job insecurity was positively related to psychological distress (i.e. depression, anxiety and stress). In line with our hypothesis, we also found that occupational future time perspective significantly mediated the association between job insecurity and psychological distress. The findings suggest that, in psychological health promotion campaigns among casino employees, job insecurity is a key factor to be addressed via organizational policies and activities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1177-1191
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Issue number4
Early online date8 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


Bibliographical note

This research was funded by the Faculty Research Grant at Lingnan University (Funding Code: SSFRG/15/1/2), awarded to Francis Cheung.


  • Job insecurity
  • Occupational future time perspective
  • Psychological distress

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