Journalists and the ‘Professional Ideal’ in Britain: the Institute of Journalists, 1884-1907

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the early history of the Institute of Journalists as a case study of occupational development in late Victorian and Edwardian Britain. It argues that disagreements over the putative meaning of ‘professional’ led to widespread belief that journalists’ interests were best served by organizing as a trade union rather than as a ‘professional organization’. Drawing on trade periodicals, memoirs and journalism handbooks, this article illustrates the complexities of the ‘professional ideal’ and underscores the ambiguous position of the ‘mental labourer’ in British society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183 - 201
Number of pages19
JournalHistorical Research
Issue number178
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999
Externally publishedYes


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