Knowledge Discovering in Corporate Securities Fraud by Using Grammar Based Genetic Programming

Hai-Bing LI, Man Leung WONG

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


Securities fraud is a common worldwide problem, resulting in serious negative consequences to securities market each year. Securities Regulatory Commission from various countries has also attached great importance to the detection and prevention of securities fraud activities. Securities fraud is also increasing due to the rapid expansion of securities market in China. In accomplishing the task of securities fraud detection, China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) could be facilitated in their work by using a number of data mining techniques. In this paper, we investigate the usefulness of Logistic regression model, Neural Networks (NNs), Sequential minimal optimization (SMO), Radial Basis Function (RBF) networks, Bayesian networks and Grammar Based Genetic Programming (GBGP) in the classification of the real, large and latest China Corporate Securities Fraud (CCSF) database. The six data mining techniques are compared in terms of their performances. As a result, we found GBGP outperforms others. This paper describes the GBGP in detail in solving the CCSF problem. In addition, the Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE) is applied to generate synthetic minority class examples for the imbalanced CCSF dataset.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-156
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Computer and Communications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Bibliographical note

This work is partially supported by the Lingnan University Direct Grant DR13C7.


  • Knowledge Discovering
  • Rule induction
  • token competition
  • Corporate Securities Fraud Detection
  • Grammar-based genetic programming


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