Life insurance lapse behaviour: evidence from China

Lu YU, Jiang CHENG, Tzuting LIN

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

We investigate determinants of lapse rates in the Chinese life insurance industry using firm-province level data from 2005 to 2013. We conduct a panel study, exploring significant regional differences and dramatic changes in demographic conditions during the urbanisation process in China. First, we find that the unemployment rate is positively related to lapse rates, and the driving force is migrant population rather than local urban residents. This provides evidence for the emergency fund hypothesis from a new perspective. Second, we find that an insurer’s reputation is negatively linked to lapse rates. We define this as the ‘reputation hypothesis’. Third, our findings are also consistent with the interest rate hypothesis. We extend the literature by decomposing life insurance products into three types and find that interest rates are positively (negatively) associated with lapse rates of investment-type (protection-type) products. Lapse rates of health products are not related to interest rates. Fourth, our empirical result suggests that high lapse rates can potentially weaken the insurers’ financial soundness and harm new business.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-678
Number of pages26
JournalThe Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice
Volume44
Issue number4
Early online date23 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Life insurance
China
Interest rates
Insurer
Residents
Unemployment rate
New business
Driving force
Empirical results
Insurance industry
Urbanization
Health
Demographics
Migrants
Panel study
Regional differences
Emergency

Bibliographical note

The authors benefited from discussions and comments by Mary A. Weiss, Hong Mao (discussant) and seminar participants at the second Shanghai Risk Form, Zhengzhou University, Capital University of Economics and Business, and Shanghai University of Finance and Economics. Tzuting Lin is Research Fellow at the Risk and Insurance Research Center, College of Commerce, National Chengchi University. Jiang Cheng gratefully acknowledges the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71573164).

Keywords

  • Lapse rate
  • Migrants
  • Reputation risk
  • Financial soundness

Cite this

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title = "Life insurance lapse behaviour: evidence from China",
abstract = "We investigate determinants of lapse rates in the Chinese life insurance industry using firm-province level data from 2005 to 2013. We conduct a panel study, exploring significant regional differences and dramatic changes in demographic conditions during the urbanisation process in China. First, we find that the unemployment rate is positively related to lapse rates, and the driving force is migrant population rather than local urban residents. This provides evidence for the emergency fund hypothesis from a new perspective. Second, we find that an insurer’s reputation is negatively linked to lapse rates. We define this as the ‘reputation hypothesis’. Third, our findings are also consistent with the interest rate hypothesis. We extend the literature by decomposing life insurance products into three types and find that interest rates are positively (negatively) associated with lapse rates of investment-type (protection-type) products. Lapse rates of health products are not related to interest rates. Fourth, our empirical result suggests that high lapse rates can potentially weaken the insurers’ financial soundness and harm new business.",
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Life insurance lapse behaviour: evidence from China. / YU, Lu; CHENG, Jiang; LIN, Tzuting.

In: The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Vol. 44, No. 4, 10.2019, p. 653-678.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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N2 - We investigate determinants of lapse rates in the Chinese life insurance industry using firm-province level data from 2005 to 2013. We conduct a panel study, exploring significant regional differences and dramatic changes in demographic conditions during the urbanisation process in China. First, we find that the unemployment rate is positively related to lapse rates, and the driving force is migrant population rather than local urban residents. This provides evidence for the emergency fund hypothesis from a new perspective. Second, we find that an insurer’s reputation is negatively linked to lapse rates. We define this as the ‘reputation hypothesis’. Third, our findings are also consistent with the interest rate hypothesis. We extend the literature by decomposing life insurance products into three types and find that interest rates are positively (negatively) associated with lapse rates of investment-type (protection-type) products. Lapse rates of health products are not related to interest rates. Fourth, our empirical result suggests that high lapse rates can potentially weaken the insurers’ financial soundness and harm new business.

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