This article seeks to provide an overall assessment of China’s long-distance trade in three periods—Song (especially the eleventh century) , Yuan and Ming (1271-1570) and Qing (roughly 1600- 1800)—that have been predicated on the two transformations hypotheses. A survey of long-term changes in waterway transports is used here as an indirect but reliable method for measuring the size of domestic trade in the eight centuries.
|Title of host publication||多元视角下的封建主义 : 庆贺马克垚先生八十华誕学术论文集|
|Publisher||Social Sciences Academic Press (China)|
|Number of pages||30|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2013|