Long-term changes in late imperial China’s real wages and GDP per capita, 1000-1900: an reexamination and reassessment

Guanglin, William LIU, Kaixiang PENG, Dwight H. PERKINS

Research output: Other Conference ContributionsConference Paper (other)Other Conference Paperpeer-review

Abstract

Scholars across the globe have debated on the living standard of Chinese people in comparison to Europeans before the Industrial Revolution. The debate shows a wide range of differences among scholars in measuring pre-industrial economic growth in China. Finding new quantitative evidence is extremely important to solve this problem. In this paper, we aim to give a thorough examination of the extant primary sources and provide some important real wage data that will provide new insights on long-term changes in the living standard of some areas in China from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. First, we use price and wage data drawn from Ming shilu, a compilation of the administrative records by the Ming dynasty government (1368-1644). Second, we find in the preserved historical documents at Huizhou, south of the Yangtze River and close to Jiangnan, a rich collection of merchant ledgers with wages and commodity prices that covered...
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventXVIII World Economic History Congress: Waves of Globalization - MIT, Boston, United States
Duration: 29 Jul 20183 Aug 2018
http://wehc2018.org/

Conference

ConferenceXVIII World Economic History Congress
Abbreviated titleWEHC BOSTON 2018
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period29/07/183/08/18
Internet address

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Wages
Real wages
China
Real GDP
Standard of living
GDP per capita
Merchants
Industrial economics
Industrial revolution
Commodity prices
Economic growth
Globe
Government

Bibliographical note

Panel : Real Wages across the Globe: From Antiquity to the Present

Cite this

LIU, G. W., PENG, K., & PERKINS, D. H. (2018). Long-term changes in late imperial China’s real wages and GDP per capita, 1000-1900: an reexamination and reassessment. Paper presented at XVIII World Economic History Congress, Boston, United States.
LIU, Guanglin, William ; PENG, Kaixiang ; PERKINS, Dwight H. / Long-term changes in late imperial China’s real wages and GDP per capita, 1000-1900: an reexamination and reassessment. Paper presented at XVIII World Economic History Congress, Boston, United States.
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abstract = "Scholars across the globe have debated on the living standard of Chinese people in comparison to Europeans before the Industrial Revolution. The debate shows a wide range of differences among scholars in measuring pre-industrial economic growth in China. Finding new quantitative evidence is extremely important to solve this problem. In this paper, we aim to give a thorough examination of the extant primary sources and provide some important real wage data that will provide new insights on long-term changes in the living standard of some areas in China from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. First, we use price and wage data drawn from Ming shilu, a compilation of the administrative records by the Ming dynasty government (1368-1644). Second, we find in the preserved historical documents at Huizhou, south of the Yangtze River and close to Jiangnan, a rich collection of merchant ledgers with wages and commodity prices that covered...",
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LIU, GW, PENG, K & PERKINS, DH 2018, 'Long-term changes in late imperial China’s real wages and GDP per capita, 1000-1900: an reexamination and reassessment' Paper presented at XVIII World Economic History Congress, Boston, United States, 29/07/18 - 3/08/18, .

Long-term changes in late imperial China’s real wages and GDP per capita, 1000-1900: an reexamination and reassessment. / LIU, Guanglin, William; PENG, Kaixiang; PERKINS, Dwight H.

2018. Paper presented at XVIII World Economic History Congress, Boston, United States.

Research output: Other Conference ContributionsConference Paper (other)Other Conference Paperpeer-review

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AB - Scholars across the globe have debated on the living standard of Chinese people in comparison to Europeans before the Industrial Revolution. The debate shows a wide range of differences among scholars in measuring pre-industrial economic growth in China. Finding new quantitative evidence is extremely important to solve this problem. In this paper, we aim to give a thorough examination of the extant primary sources and provide some important real wage data that will provide new insights on long-term changes in the living standard of some areas in China from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. First, we use price and wage data drawn from Ming shilu, a compilation of the administrative records by the Ming dynasty government (1368-1644). Second, we find in the preserved historical documents at Huizhou, south of the Yangtze River and close to Jiangnan, a rich collection of merchant ledgers with wages and commodity prices that covered...

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LIU GW, PENG K, PERKINS DH. Long-term changes in late imperial China’s real wages and GDP per capita, 1000-1900: an reexamination and reassessment. 2018. Paper presented at XVIII World Economic History Congress, Boston, United States.