Lustration systems and trust : evidence from survey experiments in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland

Yuk Ping, Susanne CHOI, Roman DAVID

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dealing with personnel inherited from prior regimes in the administration of transitional states is critical for democratic consolidation, a problem traditionally addressed by the dichotomy of continuation or dismissal. However, major organizational innovations to deal with tainted officials appear in postcommunist Central Europe. Using the concept of lustration systems, this study differentiates three archetypes: dismissal, exposure, and confession. The authors propose that each system carries different symbolic meanings, which produce different outcomes for citizens’ trust in government and in tainted officials. The hypothesized effects of different lustration systems on trust are tested by an experiment embedded in nationwide representative surveys conducted in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. The results show that dismissal and confession increase citizens’ trust in government and trust in tainted officials. However, exposure reduces citizens’ trust in tainted officials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1172-1201
Number of pages30
JournalThe American Journal of Sociology
Volume117
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

dismissal
Czech Republic
Hungary
Poland
citizen
experiment
evidence
Central Europe
consolidation
personnel
regime
innovation

Cite this

@article{6c52db1d34004de392e27ef0a58c7a79,
title = "Lustration systems and trust : evidence from survey experiments in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland",
abstract = "Dealing with personnel inherited from prior regimes in the administration of transitional states is critical for democratic consolidation, a problem traditionally addressed by the dichotomy of continuation or dismissal. However, major organizational innovations to deal with tainted officials appear in postcommunist Central Europe. Using the concept of lustration systems, this study differentiates three archetypes: dismissal, exposure, and confession. The authors propose that each system carries different symbolic meanings, which produce different outcomes for citizens’ trust in government and in tainted officials. The hypothesized effects of different lustration systems on trust are tested by an experiment embedded in nationwide representative surveys conducted in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. The results show that dismissal and confession increase citizens’ trust in government and trust in tainted officials. However, exposure reduces citizens’ trust in tainted officials.",
author = "CHOI, {Yuk Ping, Susanne} and Roman DAVID",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1086/662648",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
pages = "1172--1201",
journal = "American Journal of Sociology",
issn = "0002-9602",
publisher = "University of Chicago",
number = "4",

}

Lustration systems and trust : evidence from survey experiments in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. / CHOI, Yuk Ping, Susanne; DAVID, Roman.

In: The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 117, No. 4, 01.2012, p. 1172-1201.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lustration systems and trust : evidence from survey experiments in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland

AU - CHOI, Yuk Ping, Susanne

AU - DAVID, Roman

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - Dealing with personnel inherited from prior regimes in the administration of transitional states is critical for democratic consolidation, a problem traditionally addressed by the dichotomy of continuation or dismissal. However, major organizational innovations to deal with tainted officials appear in postcommunist Central Europe. Using the concept of lustration systems, this study differentiates three archetypes: dismissal, exposure, and confession. The authors propose that each system carries different symbolic meanings, which produce different outcomes for citizens’ trust in government and in tainted officials. The hypothesized effects of different lustration systems on trust are tested by an experiment embedded in nationwide representative surveys conducted in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. The results show that dismissal and confession increase citizens’ trust in government and trust in tainted officials. However, exposure reduces citizens’ trust in tainted officials.

AB - Dealing with personnel inherited from prior regimes in the administration of transitional states is critical for democratic consolidation, a problem traditionally addressed by the dichotomy of continuation or dismissal. However, major organizational innovations to deal with tainted officials appear in postcommunist Central Europe. Using the concept of lustration systems, this study differentiates three archetypes: dismissal, exposure, and confession. The authors propose that each system carries different symbolic meanings, which produce different outcomes for citizens’ trust in government and in tainted officials. The hypothesized effects of different lustration systems on trust are tested by an experiment embedded in nationwide representative surveys conducted in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. The results show that dismissal and confession increase citizens’ trust in government and trust in tainted officials. However, exposure reduces citizens’ trust in tainted officials.

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/804

UR - https://www2.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84863146669&doi=10.1086%2f662648&partnerID=40&md5=96e1f724cc0fc2609b85919d5f5aa0bb

U2 - 10.1086/662648

DO - 10.1086/662648

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 117

SP - 1172

EP - 1201

JO - American Journal of Sociology

JF - American Journal of Sociology

SN - 0002-9602

IS - 4

ER -