宏觀因素、社會信任與香港青少年的生活滿意度

Translated title of the contribution: Macro factors, social trust, and life satisfaction of adolescents in Hong Kong

敖恒宇, 張宇樂, 方偉晶

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

生活滿意度被廣泛視為個人心靈健康的一個重要指標。 對青少年來說,它跟他們在各方面的成長和發展有密切的關 係。這個研究探討不同的因素,包括個人、家庭、宏觀環境及 社會信任,對本港青少年的生活滿意度所起的作用。我們的數 據來自2017 年香港中文大學社會學系所進行的「香港年青人 生活狀況調查」,該調查以問卷形式收集了1,334 名高中學生的資料。迴歸分析(regression analysis)顯示,個人因素(例如 性別 、出生地及宗教信仰)對生活滿意度的影響不大,家庭財 政狀況及家居條件有着促進的作用,而被訪者對教育制度及本 港整體發展的觀感是重要的因素。此外,人際信任及社會制度 信任對他們的生活滿意度亦有顯著的正面影響。最後,我們討 論本研究的學術貢獻、政策含意及研究限制。
Life satisfaction has widely been viewed as an important indicator of individual’s well-being. It has been found to be associated with adolescents’ development in several aspects. Previous studies have emphasized the influences of individual, family, and school factors on adolescents’ life satisfaction, and largely neglected the role played by some macro factors, such as social and political environment as perceived by individuals. In this study, we evaluate and compare the relative impacts of various factors on life satisfaction of adolescents in Hong Kong. These factors include (1) individual characteristics, such as gender, place of birth, and religion, (2) family factors, such as parental education, household financial and living conditions, (3) adolescents’ perceptions of educational system and overall development in Hong Kong, and (4) interpersonal and institutional trust. We employed the data set of “The Hong Kong Youth Survey 2017” collected by Department of Sociology of The Chinese University of Hong Kong. The results of regression analysis indicated that individual characteristics and parental education have negligible effects on the dependent variable. Family financial and living conditions, perceptions of educational system and overall development in Hong Kong, and interpersonal and institutional trust were found to be significant predictors of life satisfaction of localadolescents. Some theoretical and practical implications, as well as the limitations of this study, are discussed at the end.
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
Journal香港社會科學學報 = Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences
Volume51
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

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social factors
Hong Kong
adolescent
living conditions
educational system
regression analysis
education
sociology
well-being
Religion
gender
school

Bibliographical note

作者鳴謝香港中文大學資助的"Migration and Ground Boundary in Hong Kong” (2016-17) 研究計劃 (首席研究員為蔡玉萍教授) 提供問卷調查數據以作統計分析之用。

Keywords

  • 人際信任
  • 生活滿意度
  • 宏觀環境
  • 制度信任
  • 青少年
  • Adolescents
  • Institutional trust
  • Interpersonal trust
  • Life satisfaction
  • Macro factors

Cite this

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title = "宏觀因素、社會信任與香港青少年的生活滿意度",
abstract = "生活滿意度被廣泛視為個人心靈健康的一個重要指標。 對青少年來說,它跟他們在各方面的成長和發展有密切的關 係。這個研究探討不同的因素,包括個人、家庭、宏觀環境及 社會信任,對本港青少年的生活滿意度所起的作用。我們的數 據來自2017 年香港中文大學社會學系所進行的「香港年青人 生活狀況調查」,該調查以問卷形式收集了1,334 名高中學生的資料。迴歸分析(regression analysis)顯示,個人因素(例如 性別 、出生地及宗教信仰)對生活滿意度的影響不大,家庭財 政狀況及家居條件有着促進的作用,而被訪者對教育制度及本 港整體發展的觀感是重要的因素。此外,人際信任及社會制度 信任對他們的生活滿意度亦有顯著的正面影響。最後,我們討 論本研究的學術貢獻、政策含意及研究限制。Life satisfaction has widely been viewed as an important indicator of individual’s well-being. It has been found to be associated with adolescents’ development in several aspects. Previous studies have emphasized the influences of individual, family, and school factors on adolescents’ life satisfaction, and largely neglected the role played by some macro factors, such as social and political environment as perceived by individuals. In this study, we evaluate and compare the relative impacts of various factors on life satisfaction of adolescents in Hong Kong. These factors include (1) individual characteristics, such as gender, place of birth, and religion, (2) family factors, such as parental education, household financial and living conditions, (3) adolescents’ perceptions of educational system and overall development in Hong Kong, and (4) interpersonal and institutional trust. We employed the data set of “The Hong Kong Youth Survey 2017” collected by Department of Sociology of The Chinese University of Hong Kong. The results of regression analysis indicated that individual characteristics and parental education have negligible effects on the dependent variable. Family financial and living conditions, perceptions of educational system and overall development in Hong Kong, and interpersonal and institutional trust were found to be significant predictors of life satisfaction of localadolescents. Some theoretical and practical implications, as well as the limitations of this study, are discussed at the end.",
keywords = "人際信任, 生活滿意度, 宏觀環境, 制度信任, 青少年, Adolescents, Institutional trust, Interpersonal trust, Life satisfaction, Macro factors",
author = "敖恒宇 and 張宇樂 and 方偉晶",
note = "作者鳴謝香港中文大學資助的{"}Migration and Ground Boundary in Hong Kong” (2016-17) 研究計劃 (首席研究員為蔡玉萍教授) 提供問卷調查數據以作統計分析之用。",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
language = "Chinese (Traditional)",
volume = "51",
pages = "1--27",
journal = "香港社會科學學報 = Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences",
issn = "1021-3619",
publisher = "Niu jin da xue zhu ban she",

}

宏觀因素、社會信任與香港青少年的生活滿意度. / 敖恒宇; 張宇樂; 方偉晶.

In: 香港社會科學學報 = Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 51, 04.2018, p. 1-27.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - 宏觀因素、社會信任與香港青少年的生活滿意度

AU - 敖恒宇,

AU - 張宇樂, null

AU - 方偉晶,

N1 - 作者鳴謝香港中文大學資助的"Migration and Ground Boundary in Hong Kong” (2016-17) 研究計劃 (首席研究員為蔡玉萍教授) 提供問卷調查數據以作統計分析之用。

PY - 2018/4

Y1 - 2018/4

N2 - 生活滿意度被廣泛視為個人心靈健康的一個重要指標。 對青少年來說,它跟他們在各方面的成長和發展有密切的關 係。這個研究探討不同的因素,包括個人、家庭、宏觀環境及 社會信任,對本港青少年的生活滿意度所起的作用。我們的數 據來自2017 年香港中文大學社會學系所進行的「香港年青人 生活狀況調查」,該調查以問卷形式收集了1,334 名高中學生的資料。迴歸分析(regression analysis)顯示,個人因素(例如 性別 、出生地及宗教信仰)對生活滿意度的影響不大,家庭財 政狀況及家居條件有着促進的作用,而被訪者對教育制度及本 港整體發展的觀感是重要的因素。此外,人際信任及社會制度 信任對他們的生活滿意度亦有顯著的正面影響。最後,我們討 論本研究的學術貢獻、政策含意及研究限制。Life satisfaction has widely been viewed as an important indicator of individual’s well-being. It has been found to be associated with adolescents’ development in several aspects. Previous studies have emphasized the influences of individual, family, and school factors on adolescents’ life satisfaction, and largely neglected the role played by some macro factors, such as social and political environment as perceived by individuals. In this study, we evaluate and compare the relative impacts of various factors on life satisfaction of adolescents in Hong Kong. These factors include (1) individual characteristics, such as gender, place of birth, and religion, (2) family factors, such as parental education, household financial and living conditions, (3) adolescents’ perceptions of educational system and overall development in Hong Kong, and (4) interpersonal and institutional trust. We employed the data set of “The Hong Kong Youth Survey 2017” collected by Department of Sociology of The Chinese University of Hong Kong. The results of regression analysis indicated that individual characteristics and parental education have negligible effects on the dependent variable. Family financial and living conditions, perceptions of educational system and overall development in Hong Kong, and interpersonal and institutional trust were found to be significant predictors of life satisfaction of localadolescents. Some theoretical and practical implications, as well as the limitations of this study, are discussed at the end.

AB - 生活滿意度被廣泛視為個人心靈健康的一個重要指標。 對青少年來說,它跟他們在各方面的成長和發展有密切的關 係。這個研究探討不同的因素,包括個人、家庭、宏觀環境及 社會信任,對本港青少年的生活滿意度所起的作用。我們的數 據來自2017 年香港中文大學社會學系所進行的「香港年青人 生活狀況調查」,該調查以問卷形式收集了1,334 名高中學生的資料。迴歸分析(regression analysis)顯示,個人因素(例如 性別 、出生地及宗教信仰)對生活滿意度的影響不大,家庭財 政狀況及家居條件有着促進的作用,而被訪者對教育制度及本 港整體發展的觀感是重要的因素。此外,人際信任及社會制度 信任對他們的生活滿意度亦有顯著的正面影響。最後,我們討 論本研究的學術貢獻、政策含意及研究限制。Life satisfaction has widely been viewed as an important indicator of individual’s well-being. It has been found to be associated with adolescents’ development in several aspects. Previous studies have emphasized the influences of individual, family, and school factors on adolescents’ life satisfaction, and largely neglected the role played by some macro factors, such as social and political environment as perceived by individuals. In this study, we evaluate and compare the relative impacts of various factors on life satisfaction of adolescents in Hong Kong. These factors include (1) individual characteristics, such as gender, place of birth, and religion, (2) family factors, such as parental education, household financial and living conditions, (3) adolescents’ perceptions of educational system and overall development in Hong Kong, and (4) interpersonal and institutional trust. We employed the data set of “The Hong Kong Youth Survey 2017” collected by Department of Sociology of The Chinese University of Hong Kong. The results of regression analysis indicated that individual characteristics and parental education have negligible effects on the dependent variable. Family financial and living conditions, perceptions of educational system and overall development in Hong Kong, and interpersonal and institutional trust were found to be significant predictors of life satisfaction of localadolescents. Some theoretical and practical implications, as well as the limitations of this study, are discussed at the end.

KW - 人際信任

KW - 生活滿意度

KW - 宏觀環境

KW - 制度信任

KW - 青少年

KW - Adolescents

KW - Institutional trust

KW - Interpersonal trust

KW - Life satisfaction

KW - Macro factors

UR - https://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/7350/

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 51

SP - 1

EP - 27

JO - 香港社會科學學報 = Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences

JF - 香港社會科學學報 = Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences

SN - 1021-3619

ER -