Managers' occupational stress in China : the role of self-efficacy

Chang-qin LU, Oi-ling SIU, Cary L. COOPER

Research output: Working paperWorking paper series


The role of self-efficacy, an individual difference variable, in occupational stress research is seldom discussed, and is even rarely examined in Chinese societies. This study investigates the relationships between stressors, managerial self-efficacy (MSE) and work-related strains (job satisfaction, physical strain, and psychological strain). A total of 450 enterprise managers in eight cities of the People's Republic of China completed a battery of structured questionnaires. The results of the study generally support that total stressors was negatively related to job satisfaction, physical strain, and psychological strain. Furthermore, MSE was statistically significantly related to strains in that respondents with high levels of MSE reported higher levels of job satisfaction, lower levels of physical strain and psychological strain than did those with low MSE. Related to the moderating effects of MSE on stressor-strain relationship, only significant moderating effect was found in predicting physical strain, as demonstrated by a series of hierarchical regressions while controlling for age, tenure, and position levels and educational levels.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationHong Kong
PublisherCentre for Public Policy Studies
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2003

Publication series

NameCentre for Public Policy Studies Working Paper Series
PublisherLingnan University

Bibliographical note

The paper was finished when the first author was visiting the Department of Politics and Sociology, Lingnan University in August 2003 by the China Fund.


  • Occupational Stress
  • Manager
  • Self-efficacy
  • Stressors
  • Strains
  • China


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