Massification of higher education and challenges for graduate employment and social mobility : East Asian experiences and sociological reflections

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last few decades, we have witnessed a rapid expansion of higher education in Asia, resulting in the massification and marketization of higher education. Nonetheless, previous comparative research has indicated that the rapid expansion of higher education may not necessarily enhance upward social mobility but rather intensify inequality in education, especially when higher education is becoming increasingly privatized. This article critically examines how the massification of higher education has affected graduate employment and social mobility in East Asia. More specifically, this article uses sociological perspectives to discuss the major challenges resulting from the massification of higher education in East Asia, particularly reflects upon issues related to the mismatch between university education and the labour market, as well as stagnant social mobility.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Development
Volume63
Early online date25 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

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Social Mobility
higher education
graduate
education
experience
university education
labor market
comparative research
social mobility
mismatch
Asia

Keywords

  • East asian
  • Graduate employment
  • Massification of higher education
  • Social mobility

Cite this

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abstract = "In the last few decades, we have witnessed a rapid expansion of higher education in Asia, resulting in the massification and marketization of higher education. Nonetheless, previous comparative research has indicated that the rapid expansion of higher education may not necessarily enhance upward social mobility but rather intensify inequality in education, especially when higher education is becoming increasingly privatized. This article critically examines how the massification of higher education has affected graduate employment and social mobility in East Asia. More specifically, this article uses sociological perspectives to discuss the major challenges resulting from the massification of higher education in East Asia, particularly reflects upon issues related to the mismatch between university education and the labour market, as well as stagnant social mobility.",
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AB - In the last few decades, we have witnessed a rapid expansion of higher education in Asia, resulting in the massification and marketization of higher education. Nonetheless, previous comparative research has indicated that the rapid expansion of higher education may not necessarily enhance upward social mobility but rather intensify inequality in education, especially when higher education is becoming increasingly privatized. This article critically examines how the massification of higher education has affected graduate employment and social mobility in East Asia. More specifically, this article uses sociological perspectives to discuss the major challenges resulting from the massification of higher education in East Asia, particularly reflects upon issues related to the mismatch between university education and the labour market, as well as stagnant social mobility.

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