Massification of higher education and youth transition: skills mismatch, informal sector jobs and implications for China

Ka Ho MOK*, Jiwei QIAN

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

This study adopts a nationwide survey data set between 2005 and 2013 (Chinese General Social Survey) to explore the influence of the massification of higher education on the transition of Chinese youth into the labour market. Data analysis reveals two major findings. First, the economic returns to college education of recent cohorts of university graduates (those who have graduated from universities not more than 3 years ago) are lower than the cohorts who graduated in 2005 and 2006. Second, recent cohorts of college graduates are likely to work in the urban informal sector, unlike their senior counterparts. These findings could partially be explained by skills mismatch in the labour market but a comprehensive understanding of graduate unemployment in China could be obtained by bringing the broader political economy perspective into the analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-352
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Education and Work
Volume31
Issue number4
Early online date10 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

informal sector
mismatch
labor market
graduate
China
unemployment
political economy
education
data analysis
university
economics
Cohort
Mismatch
Informal sector
Labour market

Keywords

  • graduate employment
  • labour market
  • massification of higher education (HE)
  • skills mismatch
  • social mobility
  • Youth transition

Cite this

@article{6012b88d94164ce98d8fbeb3c492cb0d,
title = "Massification of higher education and youth transition: skills mismatch, informal sector jobs and implications for China",
abstract = "This study adopts a nationwide survey data set between 2005 and 2013 (Chinese General Social Survey) to explore the influence of the massification of higher education on the transition of Chinese youth into the labour market. Data analysis reveals two major findings. First, the economic returns to college education of recent cohorts of university graduates (those who have graduated from universities not more than 3 years ago) are lower than the cohorts who graduated in 2005 and 2006. Second, recent cohorts of college graduates are likely to work in the urban informal sector, unlike their senior counterparts. These findings could partially be explained by skills mismatch in the labour market but a comprehensive understanding of graduate unemployment in China could be obtained by bringing the broader political economy perspective into the analysis.",
keywords = "graduate employment, labour market, massification of higher education (HE), skills mismatch, social mobility, Youth transition",
author = "MOK, {Ka Ho} and Jiwei QIAN",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/13639080.2018.1479838",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "339--352",
journal = "Journal of Education and Work",
issn = "1363-9080",
publisher = "Brill Academic Publishers",
number = "4",

}

Massification of higher education and youth transition: skills mismatch, informal sector jobs and implications for China. / MOK, Ka Ho; QIAN, Jiwei.

In: Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2018, p. 339-352.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - Massification of higher education and youth transition: skills mismatch, informal sector jobs and implications for China

AU - MOK, Ka Ho

AU - QIAN, Jiwei

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This study adopts a nationwide survey data set between 2005 and 2013 (Chinese General Social Survey) to explore the influence of the massification of higher education on the transition of Chinese youth into the labour market. Data analysis reveals two major findings. First, the economic returns to college education of recent cohorts of university graduates (those who have graduated from universities not more than 3 years ago) are lower than the cohorts who graduated in 2005 and 2006. Second, recent cohorts of college graduates are likely to work in the urban informal sector, unlike their senior counterparts. These findings could partially be explained by skills mismatch in the labour market but a comprehensive understanding of graduate unemployment in China could be obtained by bringing the broader political economy perspective into the analysis.

AB - This study adopts a nationwide survey data set between 2005 and 2013 (Chinese General Social Survey) to explore the influence of the massification of higher education on the transition of Chinese youth into the labour market. Data analysis reveals two major findings. First, the economic returns to college education of recent cohorts of university graduates (those who have graduated from universities not more than 3 years ago) are lower than the cohorts who graduated in 2005 and 2006. Second, recent cohorts of college graduates are likely to work in the urban informal sector, unlike their senior counterparts. These findings could partially be explained by skills mismatch in the labour market but a comprehensive understanding of graduate unemployment in China could be obtained by bringing the broader political economy perspective into the analysis.

KW - graduate employment

KW - labour market

KW - massification of higher education (HE)

KW - skills mismatch

KW - social mobility

KW - Youth transition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048377891&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13639080.2018.1479838

DO - 10.1080/13639080.2018.1479838

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

AN - SCOPUS:85048377891

VL - 31

SP - 339

EP - 352

JO - Journal of Education and Work

JF - Journal of Education and Work

SN - 1363-9080

IS - 4

ER -