The competitive environment of the Chinese airline industry has experienced rapid change since non-state-owned airlines entered the market in 2004. We focus on measuring the productivity changes in the Chinese airlines, especially state-owned ones after this change. The results show that non-state-owned airlines are performing better than state-owned airlines. The productivity changes of state-owned airlines are mainly driven by technical changes before or after the entries of non-state-owned airlines. They have little efficiency improvement. However, the productivity changes of private airlines are mainly due to efficiency improvement. The changes associated with international joint venture cargo carrier are due to its significant improvement in both the efficiency and technical changes.
- Airline ownership types
- Malmquist productivity indices
- Technical changes
- Technical efficiency