MOF-reinforced Co9S8 self-supported nanowire arrays for highly durable and flexible supercapacitor

Xiong Xiong LIU, Qian HE, Ying WANG, Junchao WANG, Yong XIANG, Daniel John BLACKWOOD, Rui WU, Jun Song CHEN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structural stability of the electrode material is very important to achieve a long cycle life of a supercapacitor. In this work, we demonstrate a multi-step preparation of metal organic framework (MOF)-reinforced Co9S8 self-supported nanowire arrays for high-performance supercapacitor with very high durability. Co-based nanowires with a composition of Co2(OH)2(CO3)2 are first synthesized on the nickel foam substrate by a facile hydrothermal method. After converting them into Co3O4 nanowires by calcination, leaf-like Co-based MOF (Co-MOF) has been deposited on the surface of the oxide nanoarrays (NAs), forming Co3O4 NAs@Co-MOF core-shell structure. Co9S8 nanoarrays are finally obtained by an in-situ hydrothermal sulfurization, and this process not only realizes the chemical transformation, but also changes the morphology of the Co-MOF from leaf-like microplatelets into nanosheets wrapping around the one-dimensional (1D) nanowires. When this sample has been applied for supercapacitor, it exhibits a 4.48 F cm−2 at a current density of 2 mA cm−2. The long-term cycling test is conducted at 25 mA cm−2, and the sample can maintain a high and stable capacitance of 1.6 F cm−2 after 100k cycles. This gives rise to a capacitance loss of only 5.1 × 10−4% per cycle, demonstrating an exceptional cycling stability. Furthermore, an asymmetric supercapacitor is assembled by pairing the Co9S8 nanoarrays with activated carbon, and the device delivers excellent cycle stability with a reversible capacitance of 416 mF cm−2 after 100k cycles, leading to a capacitance loss of 2.8 × 10−4% per cycle. Furthermore, a quasi-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor is able to light up 16 red LEDs, demonstrating great potential for practical application with excellent cycle stability and mechanical flexibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136201
Number of pages12
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume346
Early online date14 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

We sincerely acknowledge the start-up fund provided by the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China.

Keywords

  • MOF-derived CoS
  • One-dimensional nanoarrays
  • Reinforced structure
  • Self-supported
  • Structural stability

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