Many practical optimisation problems allow candidate solutions of varying lengths, and where the length of the optimal solution is thereby a priori unknown. We suggest that non-uniform mutation rates can be beneficial when solving such problems. In particular, we consider a mutation operator that flips each bit with a probability that is inversely proportional to the bit position, rather than the bitstring length. The runtime of the (1+1) EA using this mutation operator is analysed rigorously on standard example functions. Furthermore, the behaviour of the new mutation operator is investigated empirically on a real world software engineering problem that has variable, and unknown solution lengths. The results show how the speedup that can be achieved with the new operator depends on the distribution of the solution lengths in the solution space. We consider a truncated geometric distribution, and show that the new operator can yield exponentially faster runtimes for some parameters of this distribution. The experimental results show that the new mutation operator leads to dramatically shorter runtimes on a class of instances of the software engineering problem that is conjectured to have short solutions on average. © 2011 ACM.
|Title of host publication
|FOGA'11 - Proceedings of the 2011 ACM/SIGEVO Foundations of Genetic Algorithms XI
|Number of pages
|Published - 5 Jan 2011