One City with Two Water: Drinking Water in Beijing, 1644-1900

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

Beijing was notorious for its salty water, which was mainly procured from wells. This paper explores the sophisticated water supply in Beijing’s daily life and clarifies two different water carrier systems: the state carriers in the Inner City and the private carriers in Outer City respectively, and argues that the dual water carrier systems in Beijing not only grew out of the environmental arrangement, but was also constructed as a spatial and social dichotomy of the city. To some extent, the scarcity and security of drinking water was employed by the Qing state as a means of social integration in the Inner City but of segregation in the Outer City.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-494
JournalJournal of Water History
Volume9
Issue number4
Early online date7 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

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drinking water
water
water supply
well
city
inner city

Keywords

  • Drinking water
  • Environmental history
  • Qing dynasty
  • Beijing

Cite this

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title = "One City with Two Water: Drinking Water in Beijing, 1644-1900",
abstract = "Beijing was notorious for its salty water, which was mainly procured from wells. This paper explores the sophisticated water supply in Beijing’s daily life and clarifies two different water carrier systems: the state carriers in the Inner City and the private carriers in Outer City respectively, and argues that the dual water carrier systems in Beijing not only grew out of the environmental arrangement, but was also constructed as a spatial and social dichotomy of the city. To some extent, the scarcity and security of drinking water was employed by the Qing state as a means of social integration in the Inner City but of segregation in the Outer City.",
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One City with Two Water: Drinking Water in Beijing, 1644-1900. / ZHANG, Lei.

In: Journal of Water History, Vol. 9, No. 4, 12.2017, p. 479-494.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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AB - Beijing was notorious for its salty water, which was mainly procured from wells. This paper explores the sophisticated water supply in Beijing’s daily life and clarifies two different water carrier systems: the state carriers in the Inner City and the private carriers in Outer City respectively, and argues that the dual water carrier systems in Beijing not only grew out of the environmental arrangement, but was also constructed as a spatial and social dichotomy of the city. To some extent, the scarcity and security of drinking water was employed by the Qing state as a means of social integration in the Inner City but of segregation in the Outer City.

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KW - Environmental history

KW - Qing dynasty

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DO - 10.1007/s12685-017-0204-3

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JO - Water History

JF - Water History

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