One country, diverse systems : politics of educational decentralization and challenges for the regulatory state in post-Mao China

Ka Ho, Joshua MOK, King Lun NGOK

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The economic transition in China since the late 1970s has led not only to drastic social transformations but also rapid advancements in science and technology, as well as a revolution in information and communications technology. In order to enhance the global competence of the Chinese population in coping with the challenges of the knowledge-based economy, the higher education sector has been going through restructuring along the lines of marketization, privatization and decentralization. Responding to the challenges of globalization, the Chinese government has opened up the education market by allowing private/minban higher education institutions and even overseas universities to offer academic programmes in the mainland. Hence, we have witnessed a proliferation of education providers, a diversification of education financing, and an increase in private-public partnerships in education provision since the policy of educational decentralization was introduced in the mid-1980s. This article sets out to examine the politics of educational decentralization in this wider policy context by critically analysing the tensions between the central education ministry, conventional minban higher education institutions and the newly emerging state-endorsed independent minban colleges (second-tier colleges or independent colleges). It also reflects critically upon the policy implications for the evolving "governed market" in education, and analyses the challenges for the new regulatory regime now that the higher education sector has become highly diversified in post-Mao China.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-199
Number of pages31
JournalThe China Review
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

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decentralization
China
politics
education
public private partnership
market
diversification
overseas
proliferation
ministry
privatization
communication technology
restructuring
coping
information technology
globalization
economy
university
science
knowledge

Cite this

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title = "One country, diverse systems : politics of educational decentralization and challenges for the regulatory state in post-Mao China",
abstract = "The economic transition in China since the late 1970s has led not only to drastic social transformations but also rapid advancements in science and technology, as well as a revolution in information and communications technology. In order to enhance the global competence of the Chinese population in coping with the challenges of the knowledge-based economy, the higher education sector has been going through restructuring along the lines of marketization, privatization and decentralization. Responding to the challenges of globalization, the Chinese government has opened up the education market by allowing private/minban higher education institutions and even overseas universities to offer academic programmes in the mainland. Hence, we have witnessed a proliferation of education providers, a diversification of education financing, and an increase in private-public partnerships in education provision since the policy of educational decentralization was introduced in the mid-1980s. This article sets out to examine the politics of educational decentralization in this wider policy context by critically analysing the tensions between the central education ministry, conventional minban higher education institutions and the newly emerging state-endorsed independent minban colleges (second-tier colleges or independent colleges). It also reflects critically upon the policy implications for the evolving {"}governed market{"} in education, and analyses the challenges for the new regulatory regime now that the higher education sector has become highly diversified in post-Mao China.",
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One country, diverse systems : politics of educational decentralization and challenges for the regulatory state in post-Mao China. / MOK, Ka Ho, Joshua; NGOK, King Lun.

In: The China Review, Vol. 8, No. 2, 01.01.2008, p. 169-199.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

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