Perceptual Image Compression with Block-Level Just Noticeable Difference Prediction

Tao TIAN, Hanli WANG, Sam KWONG, C.-C. Jay KUO

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A block-level perceptual image compression framework is proposed in this work, including a block-level just noticeable difference (JND) prediction model and a preprocessing scheme. Specifically speaking, block-level JND values are first deduced by utilizing the OTSU method based on the variation of block-level structural similarity values between two adjacent picture-level JND values in the MCL-JCI dataset. After the JND value for each image block is generated, a convolutional neural network-based prediction model is designed to forecast block-level JND values for a given target image. Then, a preprocessing scheme is devised to modify the discrete cosine transform coefficients during JPEG compression on the basis of the distribution of block-level JND values of the target test image. Finally, the test image is compressed by the max JND value across all of its image blocks in the light of the initial quality factor setting. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed block-level perceptual image compression method is able to achieve 16.75% bit saving as compared to the state-of-the-art method with similar subjective quality. The project page can be found at
Original languageEnglish
Article number3408320
JournalACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications and Applications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This work was supported in part by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 61976159, Key Project of Science and Technology Innovation 2030 supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (Grant No. 2018AAA0101303), and Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Industrial Vision Perception & Intelligent Computing (17DZ2251600).


  • block-level prediction
  • convolutional neural network
  • just noticeable difference
  • Perceptual image compression


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