Differences in personal well-being and family quality of life in Chinese adolescents with and without economic disadvantage as well as the related developmental trends were examined in a longitudinal study. Over three consecutive years, Chinese junior secondary school students responded to validated measures of positive youth development, risk behaviors and perceived family functioning. Consistent with our hypotheses, results showed that poor adolescents had poorer positive youth development and perceived family functioning than did non-poor adolescents. Although there was no difference between the poor and non-poor groups on substance abuse, significant interaction effect of poverty and time on substance abuse was observed. While there was a general drop in positive youth development and perceived family functioning over the years, adolescent risk behaviors gradually increased during the junior secondary school years in Hong Kong.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The preparation for this paper and the Project P. A. T. H. S. were financially supported by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust.
© 2013, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
- Chinese early adolescents
- Economic disadvantage
- Family quality of life
- Positive youth development
- Risk behaviors