Personality and conceptions of religiosity across the world’s religions

Erica BARANSKI, Gwendolyn GARDINER, Nicholas SHAMAN, Jennah SHAGEN, Daniel LEE, International Situation Project, David FUNDER, Wai Lan Victoria YEUNG

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


Research assessing personality traits and religiosity across cultures has typically neglected variation across religious affiliations and has been limited to a small number of personality traits. This study examines the relationship between the Big Five personality traits and their facets, two theoretically distinct measures of religiosity, and twelve other personality traits across seven religious affiliations and 61 countries/regions. The proportion of participants following a religion varied substantially across countries (e.g., Indonesia = 99%; Estonia = 7%). Both measures of religiosity were related to agreeableness, conscientiousness, happiness, and fairness; however; relations with religiosity as a social axiom were stronger and less variable across religious affiliations. Additionally, personality-religiosity links were more robust in low-development, high-conflict, and collectivist nations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Early online date6 May 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 May 2024

Bibliographical note

Prof. Victoria Yeung is a member of International Situation Project.


  • religiosity
  • country variation
  • personality traits
  • religious affiliations


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