Physical activity and gender buffer the association of retirement with functional impairment in Ghana

Razak M. GYASI*, Padmore Adusei AMOAH, Seth AGYEMANG, Lawrencia Pokua SIAW, Foster FREMPONG, Ritu RANI, David R. PHILLIPS

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


Females on average live longer but with higher rates of functional impairment and lower physical and economic activities than men. However, research linking retirement to functional impairment and the modifying role of gender and physical activity (PA) is limited especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the association between retirement and functional impairment in Ghana and evaluates the effect modification of the association by gender and PA. The sample included 1201 adults aged ≥ 50 years from a population-based study. Functional impairment was assessed with the activities of daily living scale. Ordinary least squares regression models adjusted for confounding variables and estimated gender-wise and PA heterogeneity effect of retirement on functional impairment. Regressions showed that retirement predicted an increase in functional impairment score in the full sample (β = .76, p 
Original languageEnglish
Article number12832
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Lingnan University, Hong Kong [Grant Number: RPG1129310]. The sponsor played no role in the design, execution, analysis, and interpretation of data and preparation of the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Ghana
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Retirement


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