Political reform is closely related to democratization. In the context of Chinese politics, they are almost equivalent. However, the Chinese leadership uses another term, namely 'political structural reform', which overlaps but is not identical with the concept of 'political reform'. This chapters attempts to examine political reform under the leadership of Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao, and the political context in which their reform is implemented. The degree and context of political reform are a key indicator of the state of governance in contemporary China. The chapter covers three general themes. The first explains the concept of political reform and its evolution the second analyses the era preceding the Hu-Wen leadership and outlines the legacy of Jiang Zemin; and finally the political reform since Hu and Wen became the general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and premier of the State Council in 2002 and 2003 respectively is discussed. The prospects for democratization in China will be assessed in the light of the influential views developed by Gordon Chang (2001) and Bruce Gilley (2004).
|Title of host publication||Public governance in Asia and the limits of electoral democracy|
|Editors||Brian BRIDGES, Lok-Sang HO|
|Publisher||Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2010|