Political representation of racial minorities in the parliament of Singapore

Wai Keung TAM*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

This research note studies the political representation of racial minorities in Singapore. Specifically, it analyzes whether racial minority members of parliament (MPs) are more likely than Chinese MPs to represent the interests of racial minorities in the Parliament. I answer this question through conducting content analyses of the parliamentary questions raised during the plenary meetings of the 10th-12th Parliament of Singapore (2002-2015). In total, 6,678 questions were asked. Our results show that racial minority MPs were significantly more likely (21.79 times) than Chinese MPs to ask questions related to racial minorities. While this study shows that racial minority MPs were significantly more likely than Chinese MPs to ask questions related to racial minorities, it also highlights the inadequacy of representation of racial minority interests in the Parliament of Singapore. During our period of study, only 1.2% of the total number of parliamentary questions focused on racial minorities. Besides MPs' race, this study finds that partisan affiliation crucially influenced the likelihood of MPs to represent racial minority interests. Political parties played an important role in shaping MPs' representational behavior. Compared to the People's Action Party (PAP) MPs, opposition MPs were significantly more likely to raise racial minority-related questions. One possible explanation could be that opposition MPs used parliamentary questions as an important tool to challenge and criticize the governing party's policies on racial minorities. Another explanation could be that PAP racial minority MPs' first loyalty has to be to the party and government rather than their co-ethnics, given that they are beholden to party elites for their seats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-239
JournalJapanese Journal of Political Science
Volume20
Issue number4
Early online date12 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

parliament
Singapore
minority
opposition
party member
loyalty
elite

Bibliographical note

This work was supported by the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong [Early Career Scheme (grant number CS14A1)].

Keywords

  • Legislator behavior
  • parliamentary questions
  • political representation
  • racial minorities
  • Singapore's parliamentary politics

Cite this

@article{acc4ac56391544a7abb50f32c305a6d2,
title = "Political representation of racial minorities in the parliament of Singapore",
abstract = "This research note studies the political representation of racial minorities in Singapore. Specifically, it analyzes whether racial minority members of parliament (MPs) are more likely than Chinese MPs to represent the interests of racial minorities in the Parliament. I answer this question through conducting content analyses of the parliamentary questions raised during the plenary meetings of the 10th-12th Parliament of Singapore (2002-2015). In total, 6,678 questions were asked. Our results show that racial minority MPs were significantly more likely (21.79 times) than Chinese MPs to ask questions related to racial minorities. While this study shows that racial minority MPs were significantly more likely than Chinese MPs to ask questions related to racial minorities, it also highlights the inadequacy of representation of racial minority interests in the Parliament of Singapore. During our period of study, only 1.2{\%} of the total number of parliamentary questions focused on racial minorities. Besides MPs' race, this study finds that partisan affiliation crucially influenced the likelihood of MPs to represent racial minority interests. Political parties played an important role in shaping MPs' representational behavior. Compared to the People's Action Party (PAP) MPs, opposition MPs were significantly more likely to raise racial minority-related questions. One possible explanation could be that opposition MPs used parliamentary questions as an important tool to challenge and criticize the governing party's policies on racial minorities. Another explanation could be that PAP racial minority MPs' first loyalty has to be to the party and government rather than their co-ethnics, given that they are beholden to party elites for their seats.",
keywords = "Legislator behavior, parliamentary questions, political representation, racial minorities, Singapore's parliamentary politics",
author = "TAM, {Wai Keung}",
note = "This work was supported by the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong [Early Career Scheme (grant number CS14A1)].",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1017/S1468109919000094",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "225--239",
journal = "Japanese Journal of Political Science",
issn = "1468-1099",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

Political representation of racial minorities in the parliament of Singapore. / TAM, Wai Keung.

In: Japanese Journal of Political Science, Vol. 20, No. 4, 12.2019, p. 225-239.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - Political representation of racial minorities in the parliament of Singapore

AU - TAM, Wai Keung

N1 - This work was supported by the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong [Early Career Scheme (grant number CS14A1)].

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - This research note studies the political representation of racial minorities in Singapore. Specifically, it analyzes whether racial minority members of parliament (MPs) are more likely than Chinese MPs to represent the interests of racial minorities in the Parliament. I answer this question through conducting content analyses of the parliamentary questions raised during the plenary meetings of the 10th-12th Parliament of Singapore (2002-2015). In total, 6,678 questions were asked. Our results show that racial minority MPs were significantly more likely (21.79 times) than Chinese MPs to ask questions related to racial minorities. While this study shows that racial minority MPs were significantly more likely than Chinese MPs to ask questions related to racial minorities, it also highlights the inadequacy of representation of racial minority interests in the Parliament of Singapore. During our period of study, only 1.2% of the total number of parliamentary questions focused on racial minorities. Besides MPs' race, this study finds that partisan affiliation crucially influenced the likelihood of MPs to represent racial minority interests. Political parties played an important role in shaping MPs' representational behavior. Compared to the People's Action Party (PAP) MPs, opposition MPs were significantly more likely to raise racial minority-related questions. One possible explanation could be that opposition MPs used parliamentary questions as an important tool to challenge and criticize the governing party's policies on racial minorities. Another explanation could be that PAP racial minority MPs' first loyalty has to be to the party and government rather than their co-ethnics, given that they are beholden to party elites for their seats.

AB - This research note studies the political representation of racial minorities in Singapore. Specifically, it analyzes whether racial minority members of parliament (MPs) are more likely than Chinese MPs to represent the interests of racial minorities in the Parliament. I answer this question through conducting content analyses of the parliamentary questions raised during the plenary meetings of the 10th-12th Parliament of Singapore (2002-2015). In total, 6,678 questions were asked. Our results show that racial minority MPs were significantly more likely (21.79 times) than Chinese MPs to ask questions related to racial minorities. While this study shows that racial minority MPs were significantly more likely than Chinese MPs to ask questions related to racial minorities, it also highlights the inadequacy of representation of racial minority interests in the Parliament of Singapore. During our period of study, only 1.2% of the total number of parliamentary questions focused on racial minorities. Besides MPs' race, this study finds that partisan affiliation crucially influenced the likelihood of MPs to represent racial minority interests. Political parties played an important role in shaping MPs' representational behavior. Compared to the People's Action Party (PAP) MPs, opposition MPs were significantly more likely to raise racial minority-related questions. One possible explanation could be that opposition MPs used parliamentary questions as an important tool to challenge and criticize the governing party's policies on racial minorities. Another explanation could be that PAP racial minority MPs' first loyalty has to be to the party and government rather than their co-ethnics, given that they are beholden to party elites for their seats.

KW - Legislator behavior

KW - parliamentary questions

KW - political representation

KW - racial minorities

KW - Singapore's parliamentary politics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068835487&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S1468109919000094

DO - 10.1017/S1468109919000094

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

AN - SCOPUS:85068835487

VL - 20

SP - 225

EP - 239

JO - Japanese Journal of Political Science

JF - Japanese Journal of Political Science

SN - 1468-1099

IS - 4

ER -