Preoperative Risk Factor Analysis and Dynamic Online Nomogram Development for Early Infections Following Primary Hip Arthroplasty in Geriatric Patients with Hip Fracture

Xinqun CHENG*, Yan LIU*, Weitong WANG, Jincheng YAN, Xiang LEI, Haifeng WU, Yingze ZHANG*, Yanbin ZHU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Hip arthroplasty is in increasing demand with the aging of the world population, and early infections, such as pneumonia, surgical site infection (SSI), and urinary tract infection (UTI), are uncommon but fatal complications following hip arthroplasty. This study aimed to identify preoperative risk factors independently associated with early infections following primary arthroplasty in geriatric hip fracture patients, and to develop a prediction nomogram. Methods: Univariate and multivariate logistical analyses were performed to identify the independent risk factors for early infections, which were combined and transformed into a nomogram model. The prediction model was evaluated by using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), Hosmer–Lemeshow test, concordance index (C-index), 1000 bootstrap replications, decision curve analysis (DCA), and calibration curve. Results: One thousand eighty-four eligible patients got included and 7 preoperative variables were identified to be independently associated with early infections, including heart disease (odds ratio (OR): 2.17; P: 0.026), cerebrovascular disease (OR: 2.25; P: 0.019), liver disease (OR: 8.99; P: <0.001), time to surgery (OR: 1.10; P: 0.012), hematocrit (<lower limit; OR: 3.72; P: 0.015), the platelet-to-mean platelet volume ratio (PMR; >44.52; OR: 2.73; P: 0.047), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HCRP; >78.64mg/ L; OR: 3.71; P: <0.001). For the nomogram model, AUC was 0.807 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.742–0.873), the Hosmer-Lemeshow test demonstrated no overfitting (P = 0.522), and C-index was 0.807 (95% CI: 0.742–0.872) with corrected value of 0.784 after 1000 bootstrapping validations. Moreover, the calibration curve and DCA exhibited the tools’ good prediction consistency and clinical practicability. Conclusion: Heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, liver disease, time to surgery, hematocrit, PMR, and HCRP were significant preoperative predictors for early infections following primary arthroplasty in elderly hip fracture patients, and the converted nomogram model had strong discriminatory ability and translatability to clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1873-1883
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Early online date21 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Key Laboratory of Biomechanics of Hebei Province provided the site for querying data.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Cheng et al.


  • arthroplasty
  • early infections
  • geriatric
  • hip fracture
  • nomogram


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