Prevalence and patterns of skin toning practices among female students in Ghana : A cross-sectional university-based survey

Williams AGYEMANG-DUAH, Charlotte Monica MENSAH, Reindolf ANOKYE*, Esi DADZIE, Akwasi Adjei GYIMAH, Francis ARTHUR-HOLMES, Prince PEPRAH, Frimpong YAWSON, Esther Afriyie BAAH

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

Objective: The use of skin toning products has a deep historical background in low and middle-income countries. Yet, there is no empirical evidence on the prevalence, and patterns of skin toning practices among university students in Ghana. This study sought to examine the prevalence, patterns and socio-demographic factors associated with skin toning practices among female university students in Ghana using a sample of 389 undergraduate female students. Results: 40.9% of respondents had practised skin toning within the last 12 months. Also, 51.3% used skin toning products such as creams (38.9%) and soap or gel (35.5%) to treat a skin disorder. Respondents aged 21 years were more likely to use skin toning products (AOR = 0.400, CI 0.121-1.320), those who had dark skin (AOR = 3.287, CI 1.503-7.187), attended public school (AOR = 1.9, CI 1.1-3.56) and those who attended girls school were more likely to use skin toning products (AOR = 10.764, CI 4.2-27.3). Furthermore, those who were in level 400 (AOR = 49.327, CI 8.48-286.9) and those receiving more than 500 cedis were also more likely to use skin toning products (AOR = 2.118, CI 0.419-10.703). Policy interventions that seek to reduce skin toning practices among university students should consider micro and broader socio-demographic factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number299
JournalBMC Research Notes
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ghana
  • Patterns
  • Prevalence
  • Skin toning practices
  • University students

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    AGYEMANG-DUAH, W., MENSAH, C. M., ANOKYE, R., DADZIE, E., GYIMAH, A. A., ARTHUR-HOLMES, F., PEPRAH, P., YAWSON, F., & BAAH, E. A. (2019). Prevalence and patterns of skin toning practices among female students in Ghana : A cross-sectional university-based survey. BMC Research Notes, 12(1), [299]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4327-8