Privacy-aware double auction with time-dependent valuation for blockchain-based dynamic spectrum sharing in IoT systems

Kun ZHU, Lu HUANG, Jiangtian NIE, Yang ZHANG, Zehui XIONG, Hong-ning DAI, Jiangming JIN

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


For future Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems, data-driven and dynamic spectrum sharing schemes can significantly improve the spectrum utilization and efficiency. However, conventional centralized architecture of such dynamic IoT spectrum sharing systems is often considered to be non-transparent, costly, and vulnerable to potential attacks and single-point failures. To address the aforementioned issues, a blockchain-based dynamic spectrum sharing scheme has been proposed and investigated in this work, which aims at enhancing the system by providing desirable features such as decentralization, transparency, immutability, and auditability. By considering the privacy and transaction dynamics issues when blockchain is integrated into spectrum sharing systems, a privacy-preserving double auction mechanism based on differential privacy is developed for incentivizing spectrum sharing, where the time-varying valuations of the spectrum resources are also taken into consideration. In the proposed auction, a winner determination problem (WDP) is formulated to decide the winning bidders and spectrum allocation. A deep reinforcement learning (DRL) based method is then proposed for efficiently solving the WDP. The proposed auction mechanism can be integrated with smart contracts on blockchain platforms. Furthermore, the computation of the DRL-based method for solving the WDP is designed as part of the consensus mechanism in the blockchain. Theoretical analysis show that the proposed privacy-aware double auction mechanism satisfies the properties of differential privacy, individual rationality, and truthfulness. Finally, simulation results are provided to validate the performance of the spectrum sharing approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6756-6768
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number8
Early online date8 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Blockchains
  • Cost accounting
  • Dynamic scheduling
  • Dynamic spectrum sharing
  • Internet of Things
  • Privacy
  • Resource management
  • Task analysis
  • blockchain technology
  • deep reinforcement learning.
  • privacy preserving


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