Student well-being is under renewed scrutiny due to escalating academic stress and mental health concerns among young adults. However, in addition to the measures taken by lecturers, universities, and local governments (top-down approaches), we still know little about how students themselves can take the proactive strategy to manage their well-being (bottom-up approaches). The current study addressed this gap by proposing and examining the beneficial role of proactive vitality management (PVM)—a proactive action aimed at managing physical and mental energy based on personal unique needs and conditions—on student psychological well-being. We collected data from 97 college students (36% male, age mean = 21) over four consecutive weeks (308 data observations) and tested a multilevel moderated mediation model. Results showed that weekly PVM was positively related to student weekly goal attainment, which, in turn, enhanced the current week's well-being and the next week's well-being as well. Further, this positive indirect (carryover) effect of PVM through goal attainment on well-being was stronger for those who had a high learning orientation. Our results indicated that PVM can be an effective self-customized strategy to manage college students' weekly well-being. Theoretical and practical implications were discussed.
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© 2023 International Association of Applied Psychology.
- college students
- diary study
- goal attainment
- proactive vitality management