Psychological capital and family satisfaction among employees : Do occupational stressors moderate the relationship?

Oi Ling SIU*, Qianting KONG, Ting Kin NG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The COVID-19 pandemic has created more occupational stressors, particularly work–family interface issues. The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating role of occupational stressors in the relationship between a personal resource (psychological capital) and family satisfaction. A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 787 employees (367 males, 420 females) from the Greater Bay Area of China between October and November 2020. Participants completed an online survey which included the Chinese version of the Psychological Capital Questionnaire, measures of occupational stressors from the Work Stress Management DIY Kit and a measure of family satisfaction. Latent moderated structural equation modeling revealed that family satisfaction was positively associated with psychological capital and negatively associated with occupational stressors. Furthermore, occupational stressors weakened the positive association between psychological capital and family satisfaction. These findings provided empirical evidence for the work–home resources model and may suggest that it would be beneficial to boost psychological capital and reduce occupational stressors of employees.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12260
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by the Humanities and Social Sciences Prestigious Fellowship Scheme from the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong (Project No. 33000020).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Family
  • Occupational stress
  • Positive psychology


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