Psychological capital, work well-being, and work-life balance among Chinese employees : a cross-lagged analysis

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

20 Citations (Scopus)


This study adopts conservation of resources theory to investigate the relationship between psychological capital (PsyCap) and outcomes of work well-being and work-life balance among Chinese employees. A 2-wave survey was conducted among 287 health care workers in Chinese societies. Adapted from Western scales, a 22-item measure of PsyCap was constructed and confirmatory factor analyses supported a higher-order construct of PsyCap comprising self-efficacy, optimism, hope, and resiliency. Results from cross-lagged analysis demonstrated that PsyCap at Time 1 had a significant positive relationship with participants' work well-being (higher levels of job satisfaction and physical/psychological well-being) and more work-life balance at Time 2 (conducted 5 months later). Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-181
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Personnel Psychology
Issue number4
Early online date24 Sep 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013



  • Chinese employees
  • psychological capital
  • work-life balance
  • work well-being

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