Psychological transformation of youth after engaging in non-radical and radical political activities

Yuefeng Alex ZHU*, Alex Lih Shing CHAN, Kee Lee CHOU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Although the links between political attitudes and political participation have been extensively studied, there is limited understanding of attitudinal transformation following different types of political engagement. This study differentiates between non-radical and radical political participation and explores their respective impact on political interest, external political efficacy, and internal political efficacy. A three-wave dataset collected from a sample of Hong Kong youth was adopted to assess three cross-lagged models. Regarding the link between attitudes and participation, we only found that internal political efficacy played a positive role in predicting radical political participation. Regarding the link between participation and attitudes, the results showed that radical political engagement positively predicted political interest and negatively predicted external political efficacy; non-radical political engagement promoted internal political efficacy. Our findings offer valuable implications for Hong Kong policy makers, educators, and social workers who care about the positive development of local youth following their engagement in political activities and hope to promote effective political communication.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7843-7853
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Psychology
Issue number11
Early online date6 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

This study was funded by grants from the Public Policy Research Funding Scheme, Hong Kong SAR (Project Number 2014.A5.006.15A; Funding recipient: Dr. Alex Lih Shing Chan).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC part of Springer Nature.

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • External political efficacy
  • Internal political efficacy
  • Non-radical political participation
  • Political interest
  • Radical political participation
  • Youth


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