Relations between teacher–student relationship quality, emotional engagement, and writing performance


*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Based on the self-determination theory, the current study took a multilevel structural equation modeling approach to explore the relations between teacher–student relationship quality (TSRQ), students’ emotional engagement in English as a foreign language (EFL) lessons and writing performance. Furthermore, gender and socioeconomic status (SES) differences were examined in relation to the three constructs. The sample comprised of 952 students from 67 French secondary schools. The results indicated that TSRQ was positively related to students’ emotional engagement at both the student and school levels, although the link between TSRQ and students’ writing performance was non-significant at both levels. The positive association between emotional engagement in EFL lessons and writing performance was significant at the student level but non-significant at the school level. In addition, female students were more likely to perform better in writing than their male counterparts. The positive associations between SES and writing performance were significant at both the student and school levels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalLanguage Teaching Research
Early online date30 Sept 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The study reported in this article was supported by the Faculty Research Grant (grant number 105105) and the Research Seed Fund (grant number 102254) from Lingnan University, Hong Kong. I would like to express my gratitude to the editors and anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on an earlier draft of this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • SES
  • emotional engagement
  • gender
  • teacher–student relationship quality
  • writing performance


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