This study investigated the direct, reversed, and reciprocal relationships between bidirectional work-family conflict/work-family facilitation and psychological well-being (PWB). We administered a three-wave questionnaire survey to 260 married Chinese employees using a time lag of one month. Cross-lagged structural equation modeling analysis was conducted and demonstrated that the direct model was better than the reversed causal or the reciprocal model. Specifically, work-to-family conflict at Time 1 negatively predicted PWB at Time 2, and work-to-family conflict at Time 2 negatively predicted PWB at Time 3; further, work-to-family facilitation at Time 1 positively predicted PWB at Time 2. In addition, family-to-work facilitation at Time 1 positively predicted PWB at Time 2, and family-to-work conflict at Time 2 negatively predicted PWB at Time 3.
- work-family conflict
- work-family facilitation
- psychological well-being
- cross-lagged study
ZHANG, X., SIU, O. L., HU, J., & ZHANG, W. (2014). Relationships between bidirectional work-family interactions and psychological well-being : a three-wave cross-lagged study in China. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 13(2), 87-96. https://doi.org/10.1027/1866-5888/a000107