Revealing stakeholders' motivation and influence in crane conservation in the Republic of Korea: Net‐Map as a tool

Hyeyeon Sarah JIN, Karoline HEMMINGER*, Jonathan J. FONG, Claudia SATTLER, Suekyoung LEE, Claudia BIELING, Hannes J. KÖNIG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Biodiversity conservation in protected areas requires strict legal limitations to land use. In the Civilian Control Zone (CCZ) of the Republic of Korea (ROK), military control has created an accidental sanctuary for the world's rarest crane species: the white‐naped crane (Antigone vipio) and the red‐crowned crane (Grus japonensis). Yet varying land use demands on the CCZ by stakeholders have caused disagreements in achieving cooperative crane conservation. This paper aims to clarify relevant stakeholders' interconnection and their motives that have led them to either promote or inhibit crane conservation in the Cheorwon Basin of the CCZ. To answer these questions, we conducted participatory Net‐Map interviews and identified stakeholders with a powerful role in crane conservation. Our results identify 44 stakeholders whose trust relations occurred twice as often as conflicts. More than 80% of stakeholders included in this study supported crane conservation initiatives. We attribute local farmers' increased level of environmental stewardship to two key schemes: a community‐led farming project generating financial incentives and a communication channel for stakeholders. Our case study demonstrates that Net‐Map is a valid tool to analyze human‐crane interactions, which is critical to ensure acceptance of legal restrictions to land use as well as crane conservation.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere384
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalConservation Science and Practice
Issue number3
Early online date27 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are grateful to our eight interview participants, who were willing to share their honest opinions and knowledge for this research. We thank Barbara Schr?ter and Cheng Chen at the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research for sharing their professional knowledge on Net-Map application. Moreover, we are grateful to the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research and Marianne und Dr. Fritz Walter Fischer-Stiftung for covering the publication costs of this article. We appreciate the time and effort the anonymous reviewers dedicated to providing insightful comments. The first author thanks Dr. Ga-young Choi and Eleni A. Mastorakos for reviewing this manuscript and Prof. David Crowley, Prof. Do-soon Kim and Dr. Sejin Lee for their teachings on the earnest effort and attitude required to be a scholar. Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL. WOA Institution: N/A Blended DEAL: Projekt DEAL

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Conservation Science and Practice published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology


  • Antigone vipio
  • biodiversity
  • civilian control zone
  • Grus japonensis
  • human-wildlife interaction
  • network mapping
  • protected area
  • stakeholder analysis
  • transboundary conservation


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