Rising income inequality amid declining poverty : the experience of China and India

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


The unprecedented decline in poverty rates in China, and to a lesser extent, in India, has been accompanied by a sharp increase in income inequality, including new forms of impoverishment and destitution. What explains this paradoxical outcome where high GDP growth that has helped reduce absolute poverty has also resulted in widening income inequalities? What are the potential socioeconomic and political implications? And, how best to mitigate and reverse this growing socioeconomic polarization and promote more inclusive and balanced economic growth? This paper addresses these interrelated questions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-73
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014


  • Income Inequality
  • Inclusive Growth
  • Poverty Rates
  • China and India
  • Globalization

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