Risk Exposure, Humanitarianism and Willingness to Pay for Universal Healthcare : A Cross‑National Analysis of 28 Countries

Luis MALDONADO*, Francisco OLIVOS, Juan Carlos CASTILLO, Jorge ATRIA, Ariel AZAR

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

In this article, we explore the associations of people’s valuations of universal healthcare with risk exposure and humanitarianism across diverse institutional contexts. We argue that both micro-level factors increase the valuations. Furthermore, interactions between material interests and humanitarians are expected. This work also hypothesizes that institutional contexts with employment-independent healthcare systems should modify the efect of risk exposure. Following a comparative framework, we test the expectations by using the International Social Survey Programme 2011 health module for 28 developed and developing countries. Results suggest opposite efects for the factors under analysis. While risk exposure decreases the willingness to pay taxes for the provision of universal healthcare, humanitarianism strongly fosters the valuation. Furthermore, we fnd statistical signifcant interactions between material interests and humanitarianism. Results also suggest substantive cross-level interactions between risk exposure and healthcare systems. Findings are robust to diferent modeling strategies that control for standard micro-level variables (income and egalitarianism), individual factors and observed and unobserved country characteristics. The article lays out implications of these fndings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-383
JournalSocial Justice Research
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Risk Exposure, Humanitarianism and Willingness to Pay for Universal Healthcare : A Cross‑National Analysis of 28 Countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this