Rural ageing in low- and middle-income countries

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Abstract

Demographic ageing is now clearly evident not only in high-income nations but also in most low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) in Latin America, the Caribbean, Asia and Africa (Harper, 2014; McCracken and Phillips, 2017; Rishworth and Elliott, 2018; UNDESA, 2017). In strictly monetary terms, LMICs are defined as countries with Gross National Incomes ( >$12,375), further subdivided as lower-middle-income ($1,026 to $3,995) and upper-middle-income countries (World Bank, 2020). Monetary classifications inevitably mean that individual countries can change positions, for example, between 2018-2019, Sri Lanka, Georgia and Kosovo moved the upper-middle-income group from lower-middle-income classification (World Bank, 2020). Many LMICs have similar demographic characteristics, though modified by region. Many have higher fertility rates and relatively low life expectancy (Table 7.1 ) (PRB, 2020).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRural Gerontology : Towards Critical Perspectives on Rural Ageing
EditorsMark SKINNER, Rachel WINTERTON, Kieran WALSH
PublisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis
Chapter7
Pages79-92
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781003019435
ISBN (Print)9780367894795
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2020

Publication series

NamePerspectives on Rural Policy and Planning
PublisherRoutledge

Bibliographical note

The University Grants Committee of Hong Kong (Lingnan University Faculty Research Grant, Grant 102159) funded the research on which this chapter's case study is based. However, the funder played no role in the study design, data gathering and analyses, manuscript preparation and the decision to publish the manuscript.

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