Self-construals predict personal life satisfaction with different strengths across societal contexts differing in national wealth and religious heritage

Ángel SÁNCHEZ-RODRÍGUEZ*, Vivian L. VIGNOLES, Michael Harris BOND, Mladen ADAMOVIC, Charity S. AKOTIA, Isabelle ALBERT, Lily APPOH, Arno BALTIN, Pablo Eduardo BARRIENTOS, Patrick DENOUX, Alejandra DOMÍNGUEZ-ESPINOSA, Carla Sofia ESTEVES, Márta FÜLÖP, Vladimer GAMSAKHURDIA, Ragna B. Garðarsdóttir, Alin GAVRELIUC, Diana HANKE-BOER, Brian W. HAAS, David O. IGBOKWE, İ̇dil IŞIKNatalia KASCAKOVA, Lucie KLŮZOVÁ KRAČMÁROVÁ, Agata KOCIMSKA-ZYCH, Aleksandra KOSIARCZYK, Olga KOSTOULA, Nicole KRONBERGER, Kuba KRYS, Anna KWIATKOWSKA, J. Hannah LEE, Xinhui LIU, Magdalena ŁUŻNIAK-PIECHA, Arina MALYONOVA, Fridanna MARICCHIOLO, Arévalo MIRA, Tamara MOHORIĆ, Oriana MOSCA, Elke MURDOCK, Nur Fariza MUSTAFFA, Vivian Miu-Chi LUN, Martin NADER, Azar NADI, Ayu OKVITAWANLI, Yvette VAN OSCH, Joonha PARK, Vassilis PAVLOPOULOS, Zoran PAVLOVIĆ, Iva POLÁČKOVÁ ŠOLCOVÁ, Eric Raymond IGOU, Muhammad RIZWAN, Vladyslav ROMASHOV, Espen RØYSAMB, Ruta SARGAUTYTE, Beate SCHWARZ, Heyla A. SELIM, Ursula SERDAREVICH, David SIRLOPÚ, Maria STOGIANNI, Stanislava STOYANOVA, Chien-Ru SUN, Julien TEYSSIER, Wijnand A. P. VAN TILBURG, Claudio TORRES, Yukiko UCHIDA, Christin-Melanie VAUCLAIR, Cai XING, John M. ZELENSKI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We explore to what extent previously observed pan-cultural association between dimensions of self-construal and personal life satisfaction (PLS) may be moderated by three national-contextual variables: national wealth, economic inequality, and religious heritage. The results showed that Self-reliance (vs. dependence on others) predicted PLS positively in poorer countries but negatively in richer countries. Connectedness to others (vs. self-containment) predicted PLS more strongly in Protestant-heritage countries. Self-expression (vs. harmony) predicted PLS more weakly (and non-significantly) in Muslim-heritage countries. In contrast, previously reported associations of self-direction (vs. reception-to-influence), consistency (vs. variability), and decontextualized (vs. contextualized) self-understanding with personal life satisfaction were not significantly moderated by these aspects of societal context. These results show the importance of considering the impact of national religious and economic context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-712
Number of pages24
JournalSelf and Identity
Issue number5
Early online date27 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science [P17806]; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science [17F17806]; Polish National Science Centre under Grant [2020/38/E/HS6/00357]; Department of Educational Studies, University of Roma Tre under biannual [DSF 2017-2018]; the Hungarian OTKA [K-135963]; Czech Science Foundation [20-08583S]; the Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation of Georgia [YS 17–43]; National Natural Science Foundation of China [71873133]; Brazilian National Council for Research—CNPq [PQ301298/2018-1]

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Multicomponentself-construal
  • religious heritage
  • national wealth
  • economic inequality
  • personal life satisfaction


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