Self-Healing Binder for High-Voltage Batteries

Xiaoli PENG, Xuejing CHEN, Chenxia TANG, Shijie WENG, Xiaoran HU*, Yong XIANG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries are core components of flexible electronic devices. However, deformation types, such as impinging, bending, stretching, folding, and twisting, can cause internal cracks and, eventually, damage these batteries. The cracks separate the active particles from the conductive particles and the binder, as well as the electrode from the collector. Self-healing binders can alleviate this mechanical damage and improve the stress response of active material particles during high rates of charging and discharging of these batteries and the operation at a high voltage, thereby enhancing their cycle performance. In the present study, a thermoplastic intrinsic self-healing polymer (TISP) binder is proposed. The TISP is obtained by polymerization of butanediol (2,3-BDO), propylene glycol (1,3-PDO), succinic acid (SuA), sebacic acid (SeA), and iconic acid (IA). The hydroxyl and ester groups in its structure can form diverse bonds including the hydrogen and ion-dipole with active particles and the current collector, thereby producing elevated adhesion. Its properties, including a low glass transition temperature (−60 °C), amorphous structure, and low cross-link density, improve the mobility of polymer chains at 40 °C, and this facilitates structural recovery and the maintenance of strong adhesions. Owing to its higher occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level than the electrolyte solvent, the TISP is likely oxidized before the main component of the electrolyte during charging. This decomposition produces a chemical passivation interphase on the cathode which reduces side reactions of LiCoO2 and the electrolyte under high-voltage conditions. Tests reveal that a LiCoO2 electrode battery using the TISP as a binder retains 162.4 mAh g-1 after 349 cycles at 4.5 V, and this represents an 86.5% capacity retention. In addition, heating (40 °C, 1 h) of a scratch-damaged electrode can recover a specific capacity of 156.6 mAh g-1 after 349 cycles at 4.5 V. Relative to a battery without any mechanical scratch, this capacity recovery represents approximately 96%, and this demonstrates the importance of the TISP to the high-voltage damaged electrode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21517-21525
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume15
Issue number17
Early online date21 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This work was supported by the Sichuan Province Science and Technology Support Program, China (Contract No. 2018JY0554), and the Sichuan Province Science and Technology Support Program, China (Contract No. 2069998).

Keywords

  • binder
  • high voltage
  • intrinsic self-healing
  • LiCoO
  • lithium-ion batteries

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