Social support networks and psychological wellbeing in community-dwelling older Ghanaian cohorts

Razak M. GYASI*, David R. PHILLIPS, Kabila ABASS

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background:Social support networks for older persons have been related to health outcomes including differences in psychological wellbeing (PWB). However, the specifics of this relationship remain unclear especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigates the (1) relationship between aspects of social support and PWB among older persons in Ghana and (2) the extent to which this relationship is moderated by their education levels and locational characteristics.

Method:The study included 1,200 community-residing individuals aged 50 years and older who participated in an Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study (AHPWHB) conducted between July 2016 and February 2017. Logistic regression models evaluated the associations of social support and their interactions with education and locational variables in PWB.

Results:Several aspects of meaningful social support: family/friends contacts (β = 0.958, p < 0.05), couple focused (β = 0.887, p < 0.001), emotional bonds (β = 0.658, p < 0.005), attending social events (β = 0.519, p < 0.001) and remittances from children (β = 0.394, p < 0.005) significantly related to improved PWB in later life. These associations remained robust and largely strengthened after accounting for respondents' background and health-related factors. Education and locational characteristics substantially influenced the associations between social support and PWB.

Conclusion:These findings suggest that especially in terms of PWB, aspects of meaningful social support networks are critical elements in later life. Strengthening opportunities for closer interpersonal relations with older persons may enhance their mental health, quality of life and independence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1057
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume31
Issue number7
Early online date25 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Independent Living
Social Support
Psychology
Health
Education
Logistic Models
Ghana
Africa South of the Sahara
Interpersonal Relations
Mental Health
Economics
Quality of Life

Keywords

  • Ghana
  • older persons
  • psychological wellbeing
  • public health
  • remittances
  • social policy
  • social support

Cite this

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title = "Social support networks and psychological wellbeing in community-dwelling older Ghanaian cohorts",
abstract = "Background:Social support networks for older persons have been related to health outcomes including differences in psychological wellbeing (PWB). However, the specifics of this relationship remain unclear especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigates the (1) relationship between aspects of social support and PWB among older persons in Ghana and (2) the extent to which this relationship is moderated by their education levels and locational characteristics.Method:The study included 1,200 community-residing individuals aged 50 years and older who participated in an Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study (AHPWHB) conducted between July 2016 and February 2017. Logistic regression models evaluated the associations of social support and their interactions with education and locational variables in PWB.Results:Several aspects of meaningful social support: family/friends contacts (β = 0.958, p < 0.05), couple focused (β = 0.887, p < 0.001), emotional bonds (β = 0.658, p < 0.005), attending social events (β = 0.519, p < 0.001) and remittances from children (β = 0.394, p < 0.005) significantly related to improved PWB in later life. These associations remained robust and largely strengthened after accounting for respondents' background and health-related factors. Education and locational characteristics substantially influenced the associations between social support and PWB.Conclusion:These findings suggest that especially in terms of PWB, aspects of meaningful social support networks are critical elements in later life. Strengthening opportunities for closer interpersonal relations with older persons may enhance their mental health, quality of life and independence.",
keywords = "Ghana, older persons, psychological wellbeing, public health, remittances, social policy, social support",
author = "GYASI, {Razak M.} and PHILLIPS, {David R.} and Kabila ABASS",
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Social support networks and psychological wellbeing in community-dwelling older Ghanaian cohorts. / GYASI, Razak M.; PHILLIPS, David R.; ABASS, Kabila.

In: International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 31, No. 7, 07.2019, p. 1047-1057.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social support networks and psychological wellbeing in community-dwelling older Ghanaian cohorts

AU - GYASI, Razak M.

AU - PHILLIPS, David R.

AU - ABASS, Kabila

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Background:Social support networks for older persons have been related to health outcomes including differences in psychological wellbeing (PWB). However, the specifics of this relationship remain unclear especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigates the (1) relationship between aspects of social support and PWB among older persons in Ghana and (2) the extent to which this relationship is moderated by their education levels and locational characteristics.Method:The study included 1,200 community-residing individuals aged 50 years and older who participated in an Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study (AHPWHB) conducted between July 2016 and February 2017. Logistic regression models evaluated the associations of social support and their interactions with education and locational variables in PWB.Results:Several aspects of meaningful social support: family/friends contacts (β = 0.958, p < 0.05), couple focused (β = 0.887, p < 0.001), emotional bonds (β = 0.658, p < 0.005), attending social events (β = 0.519, p < 0.001) and remittances from children (β = 0.394, p < 0.005) significantly related to improved PWB in later life. These associations remained robust and largely strengthened after accounting for respondents' background and health-related factors. Education and locational characteristics substantially influenced the associations between social support and PWB.Conclusion:These findings suggest that especially in terms of PWB, aspects of meaningful social support networks are critical elements in later life. Strengthening opportunities for closer interpersonal relations with older persons may enhance their mental health, quality of life and independence.

AB - Background:Social support networks for older persons have been related to health outcomes including differences in psychological wellbeing (PWB). However, the specifics of this relationship remain unclear especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigates the (1) relationship between aspects of social support and PWB among older persons in Ghana and (2) the extent to which this relationship is moderated by their education levels and locational characteristics.Method:The study included 1,200 community-residing individuals aged 50 years and older who participated in an Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study (AHPWHB) conducted between July 2016 and February 2017. Logistic regression models evaluated the associations of social support and their interactions with education and locational variables in PWB.Results:Several aspects of meaningful social support: family/friends contacts (β = 0.958, p < 0.05), couple focused (β = 0.887, p < 0.001), emotional bonds (β = 0.658, p < 0.005), attending social events (β = 0.519, p < 0.001) and remittances from children (β = 0.394, p < 0.005) significantly related to improved PWB in later life. These associations remained robust and largely strengthened after accounting for respondents' background and health-related factors. Education and locational characteristics substantially influenced the associations between social support and PWB.Conclusion:These findings suggest that especially in terms of PWB, aspects of meaningful social support networks are critical elements in later life. Strengthening opportunities for closer interpersonal relations with older persons may enhance their mental health, quality of life and independence.

KW - Ghana

KW - older persons

KW - psychological wellbeing

KW - public health

KW - remittances

KW - social policy

KW - social support

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U2 - 10.1017/S1041610218001539

DO - 10.1017/S1041610218001539

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 31

SP - 1047

EP - 1057

JO - International Psychogeriatrics

JF - International Psychogeriatrics

SN - 1041-6102

IS - 7

ER -