Socioeconomic inequalities in modern contraceptive use among women in Benin : a decomposition analysis

Eugene BUDU, Louis Kobina DADZIE, Tarif SALIHU, Bright Opoku AHINKORAH, Edward Kwabena AMEYAW, Richard Gyan ABOAGYE, Abdul-Aziz SEIDU, Sanni YAYA*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Contraceptive use is crucial to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 3. Evidence of socioeconomic inequality in the use of modern contraceptives is essential to address the developing inequality in its utilisation given the low prevalence of contraceptive use among women in Benin. This study examined the socioeconomic inequalities in modern contraceptive use among women in Benin.

We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the 2017-18 Benin Demographic and Health Survey data. A weighted sample of 7,360 sexually active women of reproductive age was included in the study. We used a concentration curve to plot the cumulative proportion of women using modern contraception. Decomposition analysis was conducted to determine factors accounting for the socioeconomic disparities in modern contraceptive use.

We noted that the richest women had higher odds of modern contraceptive use (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.67, CI = 1.22–2.30) compared to the poorest women. Other factors that showed significant associations with modern contraception use were age, marital status, religious affiliation, employment status, parity, women’s educational level, and ethnicity. We found that modern contraceptive use is highly concentrated among the rich, with rich women having a higher propensity of using modern contraception relative to the poor. Also, the disadvantaged to modern contraceptive use included the poor, those aged 45–49, married women, those working, those with four or more live births, rural residents, and women of Bariba and related ethnicity. Conversely, favourable concentration in modern contraceptive use was found among the rich, women aged 20–24, the divorced, women with two live births, the highly educated, those with media exposure, and women of Yoruba and related ethnicity.

The study has shown that wealthy women are more likely to utilize contraceptives than the poor. This is because wealthy women could afford both the service itself and the travel costs to the health facility, hence overcoming any economic barriers to using modern contraception. Other factors such as age, marital status, religion, employment status, parity, mother’s educational level, and ethnicity were associated with contraceptive use in Benin. The Benin government and other stakeholders should develop family planning intercession techniques that address both the supply and demand sides of the equation, with a focus on reaching the illiterate and under-resourced population without admittance to modern contraception.
Original languageEnglish
Article number444 (2023)
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Women's Health
Issue number1
Early online date23 Aug 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the MEASURE DHS project for their support and for free access to the original data.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature.


  • Benin
  • Demographic and Health Survey
  • Inequality
  • Modern contraceptive
  • Socioeconomic


Dive into the research topics of 'Socioeconomic inequalities in modern contraceptive use among women in Benin : a decomposition analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this