Solving the converter placement problem in WDM ring networks using genetic algorithms

Tak-Ming CHAN, Sam KWONG, K. F. MAN

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we study the converter placement problem with static traffic in wavelength division multiplexing ring networks using sparse wavelength conversion. Three heuristic techniques, genetic algorithms (GA), simulated annealing (SA) and tabu search (TS), are utilized to solve this combinatorial optimization problem. Also, an alternative method, integer programming based heuristic (Lagrangian heuristic), is utilized to compare with the results of the three heuristic techniques. In order to investigate how effective the wavelength conversion is, we employ three approaches: (i) without wavelength conversion (i.e. no converter is allowed to be placed in the network); (ii) with wavelength conversion and each of the nodes has a converter placed, to compare with the approach of the converter placement problem; and (iii) with wavelength conversion and some nodes have a converter placed. We have considered three different scenarios in the simulation: (a) 10-node network; (b) 15-node network; and (c) 20-node network. The simulation results show that GA is able to find better solutions than SA, TS and Lagrangian heuristic in three different scenarios. Also, it is found that placing some wavelength converters in the network can minimize the total number of used wavelengths effectively and placing converters on only some nodes can reach the same performance as that when placing converters on all nodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-448
Number of pages12
JournalComputer Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


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