Stalinist spatial hierarchies : placing the Kazakhs and Kyrgyz in Soviet economic regionalization

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

Based on research in Russian and Kazakhstani archives, this article investigates connections between policies of peasant colonization, the sedentarization of pastoral nomadic peoples, and the economic regionalization of the USSR. After analysing debates from the 1920s, and limited sedentarization among Kazakhs and Kyrgyz during collectivization, the article argues that only by focusing on the economic regionalization of Central Asia, which placed the Kazakhs and the Kyrgyz in two different economic regions with dissimilar priorities, is it possible to explain the radically different outcomes of early Stalinist policies for similar pastoral peoples. The increased central control brought by the Stalinist Great Turn created a new spatial hierarchy directly connecting the bottom of the Soviet social and spatial pyramid, the livestock-breeding regions, to its top, the elite regime cities. The exclusion of the Kyrgyz ASSR from the massive livestock procurements that fed the Soviet political and industrial centres, and which led to the great famine in Kazakhstan (1931–33), can be explained by early Stalinist economic regionalization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-92
Number of pages20
JournalCentral Asian Survey
Volume36
Issue number1
Early online date15 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

regionalization
nomadic people
economics
famine
Kazakhstan
livestock
Central Asia
colonization
peasant
USSR
elite
exclusion
regime
policy

Keywords

  • Stalinism
  • colonization
  • pastoral nomads
  • regionalization
  • sedentarization

Cite this

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abstract = "Based on research in Russian and Kazakhstani archives, this article investigates connections between policies of peasant colonization, the sedentarization of pastoral nomadic peoples, and the economic regionalization of the USSR. After analysing debates from the 1920s, and limited sedentarization among Kazakhs and Kyrgyz during collectivization, the article argues that only by focusing on the economic regionalization of Central Asia, which placed the Kazakhs and the Kyrgyz in two different economic regions with dissimilar priorities, is it possible to explain the radically different outcomes of early Stalinist policies for similar pastoral peoples. The increased central control brought by the Stalinist Great Turn created a new spatial hierarchy directly connecting the bottom of the Soviet social and spatial pyramid, the livestock-breeding regions, to its top, the elite regime cities. The exclusion of the Kyrgyz ASSR from the massive livestock procurements that fed the Soviet political and industrial centres, and which led to the great famine in Kazakhstan (1931–33), can be explained by early Stalinist economic regionalization.",
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Stalinist spatial hierarchies : placing the Kazakhs and Kyrgyz in Soviet economic regionalization. / PIANCIOLA, Niccolò.

In: Central Asian Survey, Vol. 36, No. 1, 2017, p. 73-92.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

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