Strain sensing of carbon nanotubes : Numerical analysis of the vibrational frequency of deformed single-wall carbon nanotubes

Guoxin CAO, Xi CHEN*, Jeffrey W. KYSAR

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The potential applications as nanostrain sensors and tunable frequency oscillators make it important to analyze the natural vibrational frequency of deformed carbon nanotubes. We perform extensive molecular-dynamics and continuum analyses to explore the effects of several basic deformation modes (axial tension and compression, bending, torsion) on the vibrational characteristics of single-walled carbon nanotubes. The effects of nanotube length and chirality are also taken into account. It is found that the carbon nanotube is very sensitive to small axial strains, and tubes with smaller radii have higher sensitivities. The fundamental frequency of nanotube upshifts with tension and downshifts with compression, whereas the frequency shifts caused by bending or torsion are notably smaller. The results in this paper may be used to guide and design the application of carbon nanotubes as ultrasensitive strain sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number195412
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume72
Issue number19
Early online date10 Nov 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Acknowledgments: We acknowledge support by the Academic Quality Fund from Columbia University, a MRSEC Seed Grant from Columbia MRSEC (NSF No. DMR-0213574), and NSF Grant No. CMS–0407743 and CMS–0134226.

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