Striving to Avoid Inferiority and Procrastination among University Students : The Mediating Roles of Stress and Self-Control

Peter-Yee-Lap TO, Barbara-Chuen-Yee LO*, Ting-Kin NG, Anna-Wai-Man CHOI, Bernard-Pak-Ho WONG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

The current study intended to examine whether the relationship between university students’ striving to avoid inferiority (SAI) and procrastination was serially mediated by stress and self-control. The sample consisted of 154 Hong Kong university students. Their levels of striving to avoid inferiority, stress, self-control, and procrastination were measured by the Striving to Avoid Inferiority Scale (SAIS), the stress subscale of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21), the Short Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ), and the General Procrastination Scale (GPS), respectively. The results of structural equation modeling revealed that SAI positively predicted stress, stress negatively predicted self-control, and self-control negatively predicted procrastination. SAI did not directly predict procrastination. The results of bootstrapping analyses supported the hypotheses that the effect of stress on procrastination was mediated by self-control, the effect of SAI on self-control was mediated by stress, and more importantly, the effect of SAI on procrastination was serially mediated by stress and self-control. Further research is suggested to investigate the thoughts and feelings pertinent to procrastination and the actual duration of procrastination among university students.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5570
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number11
Early online date23 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the Direct Grant (Project No. 101128) from Lingnan University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • self-control
  • Procrastination
  • Performance-avoidance goal orientation
  • Stress
  • Striving to avoid inferiority

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