Teacher Evaluation in Primary and Secondary Schools : A Systematic Review of SSCI Journal Publications from 2012 to 2022

Xiangdong WEI, Man-Kong CHOW*, Lisha HUANG, Xinyi HUANG, Gary CHENG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study revealed the current situation and developments in teacher evaluation in primary and secondary schools by reviewing 54 articles published in the recent decade (i.e., from January 2012 to October 2022). The coding scheme was developed based on the three components of effective teacher evaluation systems: “what”, “how”, and “who”. Specifically, we investigated the frameworks used for teacher evaluation, methods of evaluation, and participants in teacher evaluation. Based on our results, most studies evaluated teachers from the dimension of Instructional Support. Evaluation through video recording became popular due to technological advancement. Further, an increasing number of schools invited external experts to conduct teacher evaluations to ensure fairness. We also identified several crucial factors for teacher development: effective use of teaching resources and technology, high-quality feedback and communication, emotional support, classroom organization, and professional responsibilities. Due to COVID-19, many schools adopted distance learning, prompting the need to develop technological skills for teachers. Through the in-depth analysis of the current situation and development trends in the various dimensions of teacher evaluation in primary and secondary education, future research directions and issues were discussed and explored in this review.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7280
Issue number9
Early online date27 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by Tin Ka Ping Foundation. The authors would like to express gratitude for the Foundation’s support to the project titled “Lingnan Student Voluntary Tutoring Scheme: Online Tutoring for Rural Students in China (Zhaoqing city, Guangdong Province)”.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • teacher evaluation
  • primary school teachers
  • secondary school teachers
  • teacher professional development
  • teacher assessment
  • systematic review


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