Testing for a nonlinear relationship among fundamentals and exchange rates in the ERM

Yue MA, Angelos KANAS

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


We employ two nonparametric nonlinear testing methodologies, namely a nonparametric nonlinear cointegration approach and a nonlinear Granger causality approach, to test for a nonlinear relationship between macroeconomic fundamentals and exchange rates for two country-pairs, namely the Netherlands-Germany and France-Germany. The results suggest that there is nonlinear cointegration among money, output and exchange rates for Netherlands-Germany, which can be interpreted as evidence of a long-run nonlinear relationship. For France-Germany, we fail to find evidence of nonlinear cointegration, but we find nonlinear Granger causality from French money to the FFr/DM exchange rate. These findings may be interpreted as evidence of a dynamic nonlinear relationship and are consistent with the German dominance hypothesis. On the basis of estimated fractional ARIMA models, we rejected the hypothesis that these nonlinearities are due to bubbles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-152
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of International Money and Finance
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2000


  • Causality
  • Cointegration
  • Exchange rates
  • Nonlinearity

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