The campaign strategies of the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy parties under the proportional representation system in Hong Kong before 2019

Fung CHAN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the strategies employed by the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy camps in the proportional representation system which was used to universally elect a half of the seats in the Legislative Council (LegCo) of Hong Kong before 2019. It provides the consequences of proportional representation over the political sphere development after the handover. Design/methodology/approach: This research is based on the past election results and the interviews conducted with 18 LegCo members in 2018. Findings: This paper examines how the political parties split their lists in order to win more seats with the past electoral outcomes. Coupled with firsthand materials from interviews with the legislators, the most significant part of this article analyzes why the pro-Beijing camp performed better than the pro-democracy camp. It supplements the gap of current literature from the perspective of campaign strategies. This article also points out the Chinese authorities' miscalculation in the 1990s which resulted in the unintentional creation of fragmented politics and filibusters before 2019. Originality/value: This examines the development of campaign strategies of the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy camps, and it explains how the proportional representation caused the fragmented politics in Hong Kong.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-725
Number of pages12
JournalAsian Education and Development Studies
Volume11
Issue number4
Early online date6 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

Keywords

  • Democratization
  • Electoral campaign
  • Fragmented politics
  • Legislative Council of Hong Kong
  • Proportional representation

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