The intensity of angry emotions, frequency of vengeful cognitions, and propensity for aggressive behaviours are likely influenced by the types of coping strategies adopted by the individual. There is a paucity of research in Chinese populations examining the strength of the relationships amongst these variables. Therefore, a cross-sectional survey of Chinese adults was conducted. Participants ( N = 630) completed several questionnaires related to anger, aggression, rumination, and coping strategies. Results suggest that an active coping strategy is moderately effective for the control of anger ( r = −.20), aggression ( r = −.13 to −.23), and vengeful thinking ( r = −.22). In addition, males scored lower than females for measures of active coping (Cohen’s d = −.30) and social support ( d = −.43), but higher for measures of physical aggression ( d = .40), and anger rumination ( d = .31–.57). Active coping appears to be the best strategy to adopt for the control of anger and aggression, but is contrary to some common philosophical traditions used in Chinese populations.