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Global science is not an equal ground. Certain national science systems are more centrally positioned in global science than others. However, recent trends indicate a move towards a more plural global science. For example, traditionally non- ‘core’ science systems exercise their agency in expanding collaboration among themselves, thus leading to increasing global scientific connectivity. The traditionally core national science systems gradually lose their strong gatekeeping roles. However, the dominant theoretical lenses, including world-systems theory, seem to fail to acknowledge and explain these recent trends. Against this backdrop, this study highlights an agential perspective in examining the global connectivity among science systems. Chinese and Turkish science systems were selected for an early exploration of the identified phenomenon. The study reveals that the connectivity between Chinese–Turkish science systems is multilateral, involving diverse science systems around the globe. Although Euro-American systems, as traditionally core systems, remain crucial, they do not dominate the connectivity. China is the strongest system in this connectivity, but collaboration benefits both countries, as well as global science.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Examining who have financially supported the joint research between China and Turkey can reveal the main stakeholders driving the connectivity and imply whether Chinese and Turkish researchers play a major role in it. As Table demonstrates, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) is the largest funding agency, having funded 4218 joint research publications. In addition to the NSFC, among the top 20 funding agencies that have funded the largest number of joint publications, two more Chinese funding agencies are included, namely, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Science and Technology in China, ranking 11 and 20, respectively. Meanwhile, only one Turkish funding agency is among the top 20—the Ministry of Energy Natural Resources in Turkey, ranking 17.
This work was supported by Lingnan University Faculty Research Grant under grant number 103407. Yusuf Ikbal Oldac is a Hong Kong Research Grants Council Postdoctoral Fellow, funded by the University Grants Council.
© 2022, Education Research Institute, Seoul National University.
- Global science
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