Based on published sources and information gathered from oral interviews, this article traces the origins and evolution of the overseas Chinese state farms and analyzes the reasons for and results of their recent localization. The author argues that some major changes that have taken place in China since the late 1970s, including the transition from planned to market economy, the rapid transformation of rural China, the changing dynamics between the central and local governments, and the overall shift in the Chinese Communist Party’s policy orientations made localization of the overseas Chinese state farms imperative and inevitable. He asserts that despite some serious problems, localization ultimately will benefĳit the state farm residents and eventually lead to the disappearance of overseas Chinese state farms and the further assimilation of returned overseas Chinese into larger society.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The author wishes to thank the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange and the Butler University Institute for Research and Scholarship for financial assistance for this study. He also wishes to express his appreciation to the many officials and state farm residents in China who shared their stories and insights with him as well as colleagues with whom he discussed various aspects of this study. Last but not least he wishes to acknowledge the two anonymous reviewers for JCO for their constructive comments and the editors for their helpful suggestions and editorial assistance. 1
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2013
- Returned overseas Chinese
- Overseas Chinese state farm